Added: Satyra Pettis - Date: 18.09.2021 19:27 - Views: 14442 - Clicks: 1612
Historically, women have lived longer than men in almost every country in the world. A similar pattern of sex differences in longevity is also found in many other species; however, it is not clear if there are more species in which females live longer or vice versa. For virtually all the primary causes of death and at virtually all ages, mortality rates are higher for men.
Women do not live longer than men because they age more slowly, but because they are more robust at every age. Paradoxically, although women have lower mortality rates they have higher overall rates of physical illness than do men.
Several hypotheses have been proposed for sex differences in longevity, including more active female immune functioning, the protective effect of estrogen, compensatory effects of the second X chromosome, reduction in the activity of growth hormone and the insulin-like growth factor 1 aling cascade, and the influence of oxidative stress on aging and disease. At present, none of these hypotheses are strongly supported, although weak support is available for the oxidative stress hypothesis. With the advent of more rapid genome sequencing, molecular tools will become available for more species, thus further detailing the causes for the differences in longevity between the sexes.
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Send even when there aren't any new. Optional text in :. Save Cancel. Create a file for external citation management software Create file Cancel. of items displayed: 5 10 15 20 50 Create RSS Cancel. RSS Link Copy. Full text links Cite Display options Display options. Abstract Historically, women have lived longer than men in almost every country in the world. Comment in Why women live longer than men: sex differences in longevity. Mascitelli L, et al. Gend Med. PMID: No abstract available. Austad SN, Bartke A. Austad SN, et al. Epub May 6.
PMID: Review. Sex differentials in health and mortality. Verbrugge LM, et al. Women Health. PMID: Sex Differences in Lifespan. Cell Metab. Health among older women in the United States. Wingard DL. Public Health Rep. Sex gap in aging and longevity: can sex chromosomes play a role?
Marais GAB, et al. Biol Sex Differ. See all similar articles. Cited by articles The influence of gender dynamics on polio eradication efforts at the community, workplace, and organizational level. Kalbarczyk A, et al. Glob Health Res Policy. Luoto S. Front Psychol. Berry A, et al. Int J Mol Sci. Association between primary caregiver type and mortality among Chinese older adults with disability: a prospective cohort study.
Liu Y, et al. BMC Geriatr. See all "Cited by" articles. Publication types Comparative Study Actions.
MeSH terms Animals Actions. Female Actions. Humans Actions. Male Actions. Models, Animal Actions. Morbidity Actions. Mortality Actions. Related information MedGen.
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